Parvizian Rugs & Home

5801 Westheimer Rd Houston TX 77057

Showroom: (713) 621-7000

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4 Item(s)

Why Professional Cleaning is Best for Oriental Rugs

Tuesday, November 28, 2017 7:36:17 AM America/Chicago

Persian Oriental rugs cleaning can restore the rugs previous vivid colors and soft feel in no time. A decorative detail that is attractive and functional, rugs are usually placed in spaces that receive a lot of foot traffic, resulting in wear and staining. The range of construction materials and styles make Persian rug cleaning a task that is better suited to those that are armed with the proper tools and training. Each floor covering is different and should be treated accordingly. The wear and fading patterns, stain types, overall condition and integrity all come into the equation when determining the best method for washing. It is recommended that rugs are cleaned every 3 to 5 years depending on the nature of their use. Decorative rugs that do not come in contact with much use may only need dusting.

Maintaining the value and beauty of your Persian rug is less difficult when relying on our trained professionals. Regardless of the age of the textile, special care will be taken to maintain its structure and natural fibers. Whether it’s for a stain or a routine cleaning, our experts know the best method and tools to use to provide satisfying results. We also are experts in restoration. This extra knowledge goes a long way when it comes to preservation.

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Our professional Persian rug cleaning is thorough, due to the many steps in the process. First an inspection of the floor covering will be done to locate stains, weak spots and determine which fibers and dyes have been used. Common surface cleaning methods, like a carpet machine, may use hot water and solutions that cause non-synthetic materials to shrink and bleed dye.

Rugs that are old, fragile or torn go through a dry cleaning process that uses foam. Sturdier textiles or those that are in better condition are hand washed or gone over with a water extraction machine. Like most specialty or hand woven floor coverings, the washing process has to be gentle enough not to ruin the workmanship while still being tough enough to remove stains and dirt. Professionals know the soap solutions that will not be too harsh or leave residues. A deodorizer may be applied. Through a process called “carding the pile” the fibers are brushed into the same direction. This brushing has two purposes, to decrease drying time and positively impact the appearance. Part of the Persian rug cleaning process is carefully drying the floor covering to prevent mildew or mold from growing. The last step is to detail the fringe, which may also need correction.

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The benefit of a deep down cleanse is that not only is the carpet fiber free of dirt, but due to that, the air is fresher too. Finding a professional to perform a Persian rug cleaning is not difficult to do with use of the internet. Reviews paired with before and after pictures can make the choice simple. Only a professional like those at Parvizian Rugs can offer this type of attention and care that these pieces of treasured art requires.

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Posted By P C

Club Soda - Only for Precious Oriental rugs

Tuesday, November 28, 2017 7:31:59 AM America/Chicago

Most spills are acid based. Coffee, tea, wine, salsa, juice, even pet accidents are all acidic and have the ability to set the color of the stain right into cotton, synthetic and other natural fibers. Very few fibers are acid resistant.

For an acid-based spill on carpet or upholstery, the best solution is to immediately neutralize the spot with club soda. Then don’t do anything else but to consult one of our professionals to finish the job. Once you put club soda on the spill and let it dry, it can sit there for months as long as the spot doesn’t get re-saturated. Wetting it activates the pH and makes it acidic again, bringing the stain back to life.

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Two common problems with non-acidic stains are ballpoint pens and nail polish. Our cleaning service experts have a 95 percent chance of removing ink as long as nothing has been done to it. If you put anything on it, even just dab it, there’s only a 5 percent chance it can be removed. We have a special solution designed for paint, oil and grease.

Why do stains reappear on carpet after they've been cleaned? Often when you clean a rug stain, you’re removing only the top stain from the fibers. If a liquid has penetrated the carpet backing, then a process called wicking occurs, during which the stain rises through the fibers again. (Think of a kerosene lantern wick.) This can occur within days of cleaning, so it looks like the stain has simply reappeared.

Sugary spills sometimes hold hidden secrets, too. A spilled can of Sprite or ginger ale seems innocent and manageable enough. It’s relatively clear, after all. But if it's not completely removed from the carpet backing, the sugars will wick to the surface fibers and attract soil over time. In two weeks or a month, you could have a large, dark area where you spilled that soda.

When it comes to your heirloom rug, do not chance the integrity of your rug with a grocery store spot cleaner. It is best to call an expert rug cleaning service like Parvizian Rugs to restore your cherished rug to original splendor

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Posted By P C

The oldest Oriental rug ever found

Tuesday, November 28, 2017 7:09:33 AM America/Chicago

The Pazyryk Oriental rug was discovered frozen in a tomb beneath the Siberian steppe

The Oriental rug was woven sometime in the 5th century BC and recovered almost 2,500 years later when, in 1949, Russian scientists opened one of many burial mounds in the Pazyryk valley, in the Altai mountains south of Novosibirsk.

Because the tombs, where Russia borders with China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia, were dug deep into the permafrost and covered with piles of timber and stone, the carpet and the mummified bodies of the nobles it accompanied emerged in a remarkably well preserved state.

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Here is a picture of one corner of the rug, which is now in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. The picture at the top of the page is a detail of one of the carpet’s horsemen.

The century during which the carpet was put in the tomb is best known in the West for what was happening in ancient Greece at the time.

The 5th century was the time of the Greek-Persian wars, of Herodotus completing his “History,” of the construction of the Parthenon, of Sophocles writing ‘”Antigone,” and, finally, of the ruinous Peleponnesian war between Athens and Sparta.

But the story the rug tells is a very different one from that of the ancient Greeks.

It tells the story of the Scythians, a partly settled, partly nomadic people whose home was the vast expanse of Eurasia north of Greece, Mesopotamia, Persia and China.


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This is a picture of a Scythian horseman, made with an appliqué felt technique. It is from a wall hanging found along with the carpet in the Pazyryk tombs.

The domain of the Scythians, who were Persian speakers and a fiercely independent part of the Greater Persian world, extended from modern Bulgaria, through Ukraine and Central Asia, to close to today’s Chinese border.

The basis of their power, and their trading wealth, was the huge herds of horses they raised. They are among the first peoples to be mentioned as mounted warriors and their mobility made them almost impossible to conquer.

At the same time, they were a conduit for trade along the Silk Roads, which carried goods between Persia, India, and China.


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But if the horse-herding Scythians were mobile, they also were able to maintain the kind of rich court culture one usually associates only with city dwellers. They were able to due so thanks to their use of carriages like this one, which was found disassembled in the Pazyryk tombs. Their carriages enabled them not just to easily move their tents and other necessities, but also carry along stores of luxury goods, some which they imported and others they produced themselves.

One of the things the Scythians are best remembered for today is their intricate gold jewelry, which regularly tours the world in museum exhibits.

The other thing they are best remembered for is the size of their royal burial mounds, known as kurgans, which sometimes could reach over 20 meters high. Inside, as in the Egyptian pyramids, nobles were buried with their treasure for use in the afterlife.

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This map roughly shows the extent of the Scythian lands at the time of the Roman Empire.

The other great nomadic people of northern Eurasia at this time, located farther east, were the Turkic-speaking tribes. Later the Turkic-speaking nomads would sweep west in a centuries-long confrontation with the Persian speakers that would be chronicled in classical Persia’s epic poems.

Still, if much is known today about the Scythians due to their mention in ancient histories and the excavation of their burial mounds, very little is known about their carpets and carpet culture.

The only certainty is that their rug included both pile rugs (the only example of which is the Pazyryk) and felt rugs.

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Here is a close-up of a felt saddle blanket found in the Pazyryk tombs.

Both the pile and felt work show a level of technical sophistication that makes it clear they belong to a very old artistic tradition. But whether that tradition was the Scythians’ own or was borrowed from neighbors is impossible to know for sure. Most carpet scholars believe the Pazyryk pile rug could not have been woven in a nomadic setting in such a remote corner of the Siberian steppe.

Murray Eiland Jr. and Murray Eiland III note in their book 'Oriental Carpets' (1998) that the carpet "raises the question as to how pastoral nomads could have acquired such a technically proficient work of art." They answer that "it could have been through trade, as some Chinese silk fabrics were found at Pazyryk and other early nomadic burials on the steppes."

Theories of the carpet's origin generally assume it was woven in either a major population center of Achaemenid Persia or perhaps an outpost of the Persian Empire nearer to Pazyryk itself. If the rugs were made in Persia, that would make it not only the earliest intact carpet ever found but also a striking example of the early carpet trade.

With its motifs of horsemen and deer, it may have been expressly designed for export to the steppes. Or, it might have been specifically commissioned by a Scythian chief.

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Here is a saddle found in the Pazyryk tombs, showing the same kinds of tassels that can be seen on the saddles depicted in the rug.

The mystery of the Pazyryk rug's exact origin may never be solved. And perhaps it does not need to be, because the Pazyryk itself makes a still more important point. Rugs, whether woven at home or imported from afar seem to be a universal human interest as old as time.

How did the Scythians use their rugs which – judging by their inclusion in a royal burial tomb – were clearly prized possessions? The answer must be left to the imagination.

One possibility is that the carpets were at the center stage of decorating schemes that also included elaborate furniture like this table, also found in the Pazyryk tombs.

Perhaps the lion motifs of the table combined with the motifs of both natural and fantastic creatures on the carpets to fill Scythian tents with the echoes of the things their culture most prized. The Pazyryk carpet alone includes horses, griffins, and deer. Its size is 180 x 198 cm (5'11" x 6' 6").

Today, the Pazyryk carpet is regularly reproduced by modern carpet weavers who find its design still has a magical appeal.

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This high-quality replica is produced by weavers working in northern Afghanistan using natural dyes and hand spun wool.

It is interesting to think of the Pazyryk carpet, placed in a royal tent, as the world’s earliest known example of a room with a rug. And it is even more fascinating to think that this earliest known example is so stunning in its beauty that it can equally express all the pleasure and excitement people have taken in furnishing their rooms with rugs ever since.

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Posted By P C

How Rug Colors Are Made

Tuesday, November 28, 2017 6:08:07 AM America/Chicago

Carpet Dyes and How Rug Colors are Made

Antique Carpet Dyes

Carpet Dyes- Whether your taste in carpets leans towards floral patterns or more primitive tribal designs the first factor in selecting a carpet is color. It's the beauty of blending colors that creates a harmonious composition that makes Persian carpets so enchanting. Natural dyes made from natural materials, vegetable, plant or animal bases (bark, nutshells, berries and occasionally insects) produce the most luminous, warm and somber shades.

Among collectors it's widely agreed upon that synthetic or aniline dyes should not be compared to vegetable dyes. The passage of time and long term effects of using synthetic dye is unpredictable; change of color altogether and dyes eating into the rug are common. It's clear to see the difference between the luster and sheen of a naturally dyed antique rug compared to the dull uniform color that is produced through the use of chemical dyes.

There is more to the process than just mixing dye with boiling water. Each plant has its own special properties and the dyer skillfully and knowledgeable prepares the yarn accordingly. The dyers craft is an ancient one passed down through the generations from father to son. He is an artisan whose traditions and secrets are highly regarded.

How Carpet Dyes Are made:

The crushed roots of madder; a climbing plant that grows wild over much of the East produces shades of red. It belongs to the genus Rubia; the root used is that of the Rubia tinctorum. The roots contain three coloring matters alizarin and purpurin which are both red and xanthin which is yellow.

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Cochineal a female bug of the species Dactylopius coccus which lives on cactus was imported in 1856 to obtain a more vivid red.

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Saffron, turmeric, sumac and the fruit of buckthorns were used for yellows.

Greens were produced by combining indigo with yellow. Though Chinese green dye is obtained from Rhamnus chlorophorus a genus of shrubs.

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Different blue tones are made from the leaves of the indigo plant. The color is achieved by both the number of times the yarn is immersed in the dye vat as well as the length of dyeing time.

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Tyrian purple dye is found in shellfish.

Henna yields orange.

Beige is made from barley

And black, brown and grey dyes were mainly made from the shells of nuts and the leaves and husks of nut trees.

The Wool Dying Process

The dyeing process starts with the preparation of the color. Sometimes curds or sour milk is mixed into the dye to achieve lighter colors, the color is then diluted in a vat. The quantity of water varies based on the desired shade. The wool is then placed in boiling water and after being heated for the desired amount of time the wool is allowed to cool in the dye. The final stage in the dyeing process is to make the color fast. Once the carpet is ready, it is immersed in cold water to rinse any excess coloring and finally laid out in the sun to dry. Variations in color, streaked or uneven shading known as abrash or changes in the dye lot due to the quality of water or texture of wool add to the charm and life of the rug. Color is key, and carpets made with natural dye are to die for. Natural dyes age in a graceful way producing a mellow,faded color palate that remains unrivaled.

Different Types of Carpet Dyes

Like wool, dyes may vary considerably in quality, and they may affect the value and desirability of the rug. Some are rich and saturated, others are soft. But good dye will have a transparent quality that lets the color shine in response to light. When combined with lustrous wool, transparent dyes make the color effects come to life. Inferior dyes are murky and flat. Good dyes are also fast in response to exposure to light or water. Inferior dyes fade in sunlight and run when wet, spoiling the effects of the design.

Antique rugs were made with dyes derived primarily from vegetable materials, although some like lac or cochineal were derived from insect shells. All such dyes were properly fixed not to run when wet or to fade appreciably on exposure to light. This fixing might take weeks, especially to achieve rich colors. Early synthetic dyes gave bright colors without lengthy fixing, but they were unstable.

Some, like fuscha purple, faded to grey. Others like aniline red bleed terribly when wet, and they may fade as well. Modern chrome dyes developed after 1920 do not fade or run, but they seldom have the depth and warmth of natural vegetable or insect dyes. Within the last twenty years weavers in many rug-producing regions have succeeded in reviving the traditional technique of vegetable derived dyes.

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Posted By P C

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